Olympic Games History Wiki : Around 3,000 years ago The Olympics Games originated in ancient Greece, later on revived in the late 19th century & have become the preeminent sporting competition of World. From the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D. to honour the God Zeus the games were held every four years in Olympia, located in the western Peloponnese peninsula.
When the First Olympic Played
The First Olympic took place in 1986 in Athen, and featured 280 participants from 13 nations, competing in 43 events. From then the two types of Olympics were held with alternated every two years of difference i.e. Winter and Summer Olympics. According to History.com Olympics Games first written records was dated to 77 B.C, after the Coroebus won the only event-a 192 meter footrace called the stade (the origin of the modern “stadium”)- to become the first champion. It is generally believed that the Games had been going on for many years by that time. Legend has it that Heracles (the Roman Hercules), son of Zeus and the mortal woman Alcmene, founded the Games, which by the end of the 6th century B.C had become the most famous of all Greek sporting festivals.
The ancient Olympics were held every four years between August 6 and September 19 during a religious festival honoring Zeus. The Games were named for their location at Olympia, a sacred site located near the western coast of the Peloponnese peninsula in southern Greece. Their influence was so great that ancient historians began to measure time by the four-year increments in between Olympic Games, which were known as Olympiads.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are the leading international sporting event featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in the variety of competitions. The Olympics are considered to be the world’s foremost sports with more than 200 nations participation.
Evolution of Olympic Movement
The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes of the Olympics Games. Some of these adjustments include the creation of the winter Olympics Games for ice and winter sports for ice and winter sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with a disability and the Youth Olympic Game for Teenagers athletes. The World Wars led to cancellation of 1916, 1940 and 1944 games. During the cold war limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 games.
International Olympic Games Commitee
The Olympic movement consists of International Sports Federations (IFs), National Olympic Commitees (NOCs) and organizing committees for each specific Olympic Games. Being one of the decision making body IOC is responsible for choosing the host city for each consisting year, and also determining the opening and closing ceremonies. Over 13,000 athletes compete at the summer and winter Olympic games in 33 different sports and nearly 400 events. Medals were presented for first, second and third recieves Gold, Silver and Broze respectively.
Olympics Games Symbols
The Olympic movement uses symbols to represent the ideals embodied in the Olympic Charter, the Olympic Symbol better known as the Olympic Rings consists of five interwined rings and represents the unity of the five inhabited continents (Africa, America, Asia, Oceania Europe).
Olympic Flag Meaning
The colored version of the rings- blue, yellow, black, green and red over a white field forms the Olympic flag. These colors were chosen because every nation had at least one of them on its national flag. This flag is adopted in 1914 but flown for the first time only at 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium.
The Olympic motto, Citius, Altius, Fortius, a Latin expression meaning “Faster, Higher, Stronger” was proposed by Pierre de Coubertin in 1894 and has been official since 1924. The motto was coined by Coubertin’s friend the Dominican priest Henri Didon OP, for a Paris youth gathering of 1891.
The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.
the Olympic Flame is lit in Olympia in a ceremony that reflects ancient Greek rituals. A female performer, acting as a priestess, ignites a torch by placing it inside a parabolic mirror which focuses the sun’s rays; she then lights the torch of the first relay bearer, thus initiating the Olympic torch relay that will carry the flame to the host city’s Olympic stadium, where it plays an important role in the opening ceremony. Though the flame has been an Olympic symbol since 1928, the torch relay was only introduced at the 1936 Summer Games.
The Olympic mascot, an animal or human figure representing the cultural heritage of the host country, was introduced in 1968. It has played an important part on the Games identity promotion since the 1980 Summer Olympics, when the Russian bear cub Misha reached international stardom. The mascot of the Summer Olympics in London was named Wenlock after the town of Much Wenlock in Shropshire. Much Wenlock still hosts the Wenlock Olympian Games, which were an inspiration to Pierre de Coubertin for the Olympic Games.
Here’s a complete listing of all Olympic Game cities from the beginning of the modern Olympics in 1896 through scheduled games in 2022.
Summer Olympic Games Sites
1896 – Athens, Greece
1900 – Paris, France
1904 – St. Louis, United States
1908 – London, United Kingdom
1912 – Stockholm, Sweden
1916 – Scheduled for Berlin, Germany*
1920 – Antwerp, Belgium
1924 – Paris, France
1928 – Amsterdam, Netherlands
1932 – Los Angeles, United States
1936 – Berlin, Germany
1940 – Scheduled for Tokyo, Japan*
1944 – Scheduled for London, United Kingdom* 1948 – London, United Kingdom
1952 – Helsinki, Finland
1956 – Melbourne, Australia
1960 – Rome, Italy
1964 – Tokyo, Japan
1968 – Mexico City, Mexico
1972 – Munich, West Germany (now Germany)
1976 – Montreal, Canada
1980 – Moscow, U.S.S.R.
1984 – Los Angeles, United States
1988 – Seoul, South Korea
1992 – Barcelona, Spain
1996 – Atlanta, United States
2000 – Sydney, Australia
2004 – Athens, Greece
2008 – Beijing, China
2012 – London, United Kingdom
2016 – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2020 – Tokyo, Japan
2024 – To Be Determined 15 September 2017
Winter Olympic Games Sites
1924 – Chamonix, France
1928 – St. Moritz, Switzerland
1932 – Lake Placid, N.Y., United States
1936 – Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
1940 – Scheduled for Sapporo, Japan*
1944 – Scheduled for Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy*
1948 – St. Moritz, Switzerland
1952 – Oslo, Norway
1956 – Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy
1960 – Squaw Valley, California, United States
1964 – Innsbruck, Austria
1968 – Grenoble, France
1972 – Sapporo, Japan
1976 – Innsbruck, Austria
1980 – Lake Placid, New York, United States
1984 – Sarajevo, Yugoslavia (now Bosnia and Herzegovina)
1988 – Calgary, Alberta, Canada
1992 – Albertville, France**
1994 – Lillehammer, Norway**
1998 – Nagano, Japan
2002 – Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
2006 – Torino (Turin), Italy
2010 – Vancouver, Canada
2014 – Sochi, Russia
2018 – Pyeongchang, South Korea
2022 – Beijing, China